A dental examination shows how healthy your mouth is. Then you can discuss problems with the dentist.
Regular examinations mean that your dentist can spot problems and correct them early before the treatment become complicated. A thorough examination helps you, and your dentist look after your mouth and prevent future problems. The dentist will explain the options and then you can decide together what will be best for you.
A dental implant is a small screw made of titanium, which is a metal that the body easily accepts. The dental implant is inserted into the bone of the jaw, and over time the jawbone integrates with the implant surface, firmly anchoring it. Under normal conditions, the healing process can take ad little as 6 weeks. After this time, a crown, bridge, or denture is secured to the implant.
Dental implants will benefit the following:
-They make replacement teeth stable for eating and smiling with confidence. -Dental implants remove the need to cut down healthy teeth for abridge. -They can eliminate the pain caused by ill-fitting dentures. -Dental implants help preserve the bone in the jaws. -In some cases, they help maintain the shape of the face.
A crown is a tooth-shaped cover placed over a tooth that is badly damaged or decayed. A crown is made to look like your tooth. Crowns may be placed for several reasons. Usually the tooth has been broken or damaged a great deal by decay. As a result, a filling can't replace enough of the tooth or make the tooth strong enough. A crown may hold together parts of a cracked tooth. It also can be used to hold a bridge in place. Crowns can be used to improve appearance as well. They may be placed to cover misshapen or badly discolored teeth. Crowns can be all metal, porcelain fused to metal (PFM), or all ceramic. Metals include gold alloy, other alloys (palladium) or a base-metal alloy (nickel or chromium). The all-metal or PFM crowns are stronger and are better choices for back teeth than ceramic crowns. PFM and all-ceramic crowns are the same color as your natural teeth. They look just like normal teeth. Crowns usually last at least seven years. In many cases they last much longer, up to 40 years or so.
A bridge is made to replace one or more missing teeth. Bridges can be supported by natural teeth, by a combination of teeth and implants or just by implant. A traditional bridge is made by creating a crown for each tooth on both sides of the space and placing a false tooth between the crowns. The crowns can be supported by natural teeth or by implants. When the crowns are placed, the false tooth fills the space left by the missing tooth or teeth.
If the teeth receiving the crowns are healthy and strong, they probably will not need root canal therapy. However, parts of the teeth will be removed so the crowns will fit. Traditional bridges are made either of porcelain fused to metal (PFM) or ceramics.
Dentures are replacements for missing teeth that can be taken out and put back into your mouth. While dentures take some getting used to, and will never feel exactly the same as one's natural teeth, today's dentures are natural looking and more comfortable than ever.There are two main types of dentures: full and partial.
Conventional Full Denture A conventional full denture is placed in your mouth after any remaining teeth are removed and tissues have healed. Healing may take several months, during which time you are without teeth.
·Immediate Full Denture An immediate full denture is inserted immediately after the remaining teeth are removed. (Your dentist takes measurements and makes models of your jaw during a prior visit.) While immediate dentures offer the benefit of never having to be without your teeth, they must be relined several months after being inserted. The reason is that the bone supporting the teeth reshapes as it heals, causing the denture to become loose.
·Partial Denture A partial denture rests on a metal framework that attaches to your natural teeth. Sometimes crowns are placed on some of your natural teeth and serve as anchors for the denture. Partial dentures offer a removable alternative to bridges.
Inlay and Onlay
Root Canal Treatment
Root Canal Treatment involves the removal of infected or damaged pulp from
the diseased tooth. After that the hollow pulp chamber and root canals are
cleaned, filled and sealed. RCT can be done on all teeth as long as they are
firm and restorable.
RCT saves teeth that would otherwise be extracted tooth will
have to be replaced by a denture, bridge or implant. Otherwise neighboring
teeth will move into the space, creating problems with eating and cleaning.
These can lead to gum disease and new cavities.
Teeth Extraction Tooth extraction is the removal of a
tooth from its socket in the bone. People with extra teeth that block other
teeth from coming in, teeth that are undergoing orthodontic work, inftected
teeth, wisdom teeth and so on need the extraction.
Teeth are held in the
jaw by their roots. At the core of each tooth is a soft mass of tissue called
the dental pulp. In a healthy tooth, the pulp contains living fibres,
cells, nerves and a blood supply, extending into the root through the root
Tooth decay or injury can destroy the
living pulp. Dead pulp is more prone to infection, leading to an abscess and
toothache. This can usually be dealt with successfully by root canal
treatment . Sometimes infection can persist at the end of a tooth root, in
the surrounding bone. in this case, a dentist can carry out an apicectomy.
Wisdom teeth are the last molars on each side of the jaws. Since wisdom teeth
are the last permanent teeth to come in, or erupt, there is often not enough
room left in your mouth to accommodate them. This can lead to wisdom teeth that
are impacted, teeth that are trapped beneath the gum tissue by other teeth or
Wisdom teeth that only partially emerge or come in crooked can also lead to
painful crowding and disease. Since teeth removed before age 20 have less developed
roots and fewer complications. It's recommended that people between 16 and 19
have their wisdom teeth evaluated to see if they need to be removed.
Orthodontic treatment for children and adult Orthodontics is the branch of dentistry that corrects teeth and jaws that are positioned improperly. Crooked teeth and teeth that do not fit together correctly are harder to keep clean, are at risk of being lost early due to tooth decay and periodental disease, and cause extra stress on the chewing muscles that can lead to headaches, TMJ syndrome and neck, shoulder and back pain. Teeth that are crooked or not in the right place can also detract from one's appearance.
Teeth such as overbite, underbite, crossbite, open bite, misplaced midline, spacing, and crowding may need othordontic treatment. Othordontic treatment will benefit a healthier mouth, a more pleasing appearance, and teeth that are more likely to last for a lifetime.
is a metal alloy of silver, tin, copper and mercury. Despite its poor
appearance amalgam has several properties that make it a very useful filling
material. Its main use is in back teeth, especially where a filling is
subjected to moderate to heavy chewing pressures.
resin is a tooth coloured material that is used as an alternative to amalgam in
some situations. The material is inserted into a cavity in paste form and set
hard by the dentist shining a special light on it. It can be used for small to
Glass Ionomer Filling
In many ways glass
ionomer cement is the ideal filling material. It is tooth coloured, it adheres
to the tooth and is extremely well tolerated in the mouth. Furthermore it has
an in built mechanism that protects the filling against further decay.
Its use is limited to cavities in front teeth and cavities on the sides of back
Fluoride Treatment Fluoride treatments commonly are given to children as their teeth are developing. If your child has a history of cavities or is at high risk of decay, he or she should use additional fluoride to promote remineralization. Often, children get fluoride treatments every six months for extra protection against cavities, even if they already drink fluoridated water.
Dental sealants are plastic coatings that are usually placed on the chewing (occlusal) surface of the permanent back teeth (the molars and premolars) to help protect them from decay.
A veneer is a thin layer of tooth-coloured material that is put onto the front of the tooth to make it look better. The tooth might have been damaged by decay or an accident, or be discoloured.
Veneers can greatly improve your appearance. They hide imperfections and you lose very little natural tooth. Also, it protects teeth from any more damage. For example, acid in foods and drinks or from the stomach cause your teeth to wear away. The teeth become thin and weak but veneers can protect them. Teeth Jewelry
Scaling and Cleaning
Extraction and treatment for primary teeth
Internal Rediographs Bite-wing X-rays:highlight the crowns of the back teeth.
Periapical X-rays:highlight only one or two teeth at a time.
Occlusal X-rays:are larger and highlight tooth development and placement. On each radiograph, nearly the full arch of teeth in either the upper or lower jaw is shown.
External Rediographs Panoramic radiographs:show the entire mouth - all teeth on both upper and lower jaws on a single X-ray. Cephalometric projections:are X-rays taken of the entire side of the head. They are used to look at the teeth in relation to the jaw and the person's profile.